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The first oyster of female dogs comes in the 6th-7th month of birth, some other times it comes in the 9th-10th (mostly at bigger dogs).
The first time may have some differences from the next (in duration, symptoms, etc.).
Female dogs are in heat 1-3 times a year. Usually two, and occurs about every 6 months. If the deviations are very different each
time, it is advisable to consult your veterinarian.
First of all, we have to clarify that there are two stages:
the swelling of the vulva and the presence of blood (the amount varies according to race and / or size). At this stage
she attracts males but does not accept to mate.
appearance of blood may stop, but the vulva is still swollen but more relaxed. At this stage, females, due to pheromones,
attract males and mate.
If our pet is mated and fertilized, the gestation period lasts about 2 months.
If it is not pollinated, follows a period of about six months (as we mentioned above) until there is a new oestrus.
If we do not want our dog to mate, we need to have it more limited in our walk, and in our yard, even throughout the oestrus,
because it is very likely to leave to mate.
Because many times, however, the pre-oestro ans heat symptoms are almost the same, and one may not recognize the
transition, it is better, in order to avoid an unwanted pregnancy, to be very careful in both stages.
Their total duration does not exceed 2-3 weeks.
In males there is no specific period during which they show an estrus. Their genital system is ready throughout the year. However,
the symptoms of oestrus appear when it is near a female dog at an oestrus. Over the rest of the year, they do not show estrus
symptoms. Because of the hormones though, there may be conflicts with other males in order to impose sovereignty.